Main research questions

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Are self-reports accurate?

When people describe themselves, are they accurate?  People do have some self-knowledge, but often times, other people know more about us than we do. The SKIP lab explores blind spots in self-knowledge and how to shed light on these blind spots (e.g., via mindfulness).

Example Publications:

Barranti, M., Carlson, E. N., & Furr, R. M. (in press). Disagreement about moral character is linked to interpersonal costs. Social Psychological and Personality Science. PDF

Gallrein, A. B., Weßels, N. M., Carlson, E. N., & Leising, D. (2016). I still cannot see it – A replication of blind spots in self-perception. Journal of Research in Personality60, 1–7. PDF

Carlson, E. N., Vazire, S., & Oltmanns, T. F. (2013). Self-other knowledge asymmetries in personality pathology. Journal of Personality, 81, 155-170. PDF

Carlson, E. N. (2013). Overcoming barriers to self-knowledge: Mindfulness as a path to seeing yourself as you really are. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 8, 173-186. PDF

Gallrein, M. B., Carlson, E. N., Holstein, M., & Leising, D. (2013). You spy with your little eye: People are “blind” to some of the ways in which they are consensually seen by others. Journal of Research in Personality, 47, 464-471. PDF

Vazire, S., & Carlson, E. N. (2011). Others sometimes know us better than we know ourselves. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 20, 104-108. PDF

Vazire, S., & Carlson, E. N. (2010). Self-knowledge of personality: Do people know themselves? Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 4, 605-620. PDF

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Do people know their reputations?

Do we know how other people perceive us? If not, how can we form more accurate perceptions? And is it good to be accurate about our reputation, or should we just assume the best?

Our lab examines these questions by first asking people to guess how different types of acquaintances perceive them (e.g., peers, coworkers, family members, friends, a romantic partner). Next, we ask these acquaintances to actually provide their impressions. 

Thus far, it appears that people do have some insight into their reputation, but insight is far from perfect. Furthermore, we find that the degree to which it is adaptive to know what others think can be complex. Stay tuned for more!

Example Publications

Carlson, E. N. (2016). Weighing the costs and benefits of knowing your reputation?: Does meta-accuracy foster relationship quality? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 111, 250-264. PDF

Carlson, E. N. (2016). Do psychologically adjusted individuals know what other people really think about them? The link between psychological adjustment and meta-accuracy. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 7, 717-725. PDF

Carlson, E. N., & Oltmanns, T. F. (2015). The role of metaperception in personality disorders: Do people with personality problems know how others experience their personality? Journal of Personality Disorders, 29, 431-448. PDF

Carlson, E. N., & Furr, R. M. (2013). Resolution for meta-accuracy: Should people trust their beliefs about how others see them? Social Psychological and Personality Science, 4, 419-426. PDF

Carlson, E. N., & Kenny, D. A. (2012). Meta-accuracy: Do we know how others see us? In S. Vazire & T. D. Wilson (Eds.), Handbook of self-knowledge (pp. 242-257). New York, NY: Guilford Press. PDF

Carlson, E. N., Vazire, S., & Furr, R. M. (2011). Meta-insight: Do people really know how others see them? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 101, 831-846. PDF

Carlson, E. N., Furr, R. M., & Vazire, S. (2010). Do we know the first impressions we make? Evidence for idiographic meta-accuracy and calibration of first impressions. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 1, 94-98. PDF

Carlson, E. N., & Furr, R. M. (2009). Differential meta-accuracy: People understand the different impressions they make.  Psychological Science, 20, 1033-1039. PDF

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Personality Problems

Do people with personality problems lack self-knowledge? People with some forms of pathology, such as narcissism, do tend to form inaccurate self-perceptions. However, there is some evidence that people with narcissistic tendencies and other forms of pathology (e.g., Avoidant PD) actually understand how other people perceive them. 

The lab also explores interpersonal consequences of personality problems. For example, we find that people with more narcissistic traits tend to attain higher social status early on but lose their social value over time.

Example Publications:

Carlson, E. N., & Lawless DesJardins, N. M. (2015). Do mean guys always finish first or just say that they do? Narcissists’ awareness of their social status and popularity over time. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 41, 901-917PDF

Carlson, E. N. (2015). Are clinicians asking the right questions? The role of metaperceptions as an assessment tool. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 22, 25-28. PDF

Carlson, E. N., & Oltmanns, T. F. (2015). The role of metaperceptions in personality disorders: Do people with personality problems know how others experience their personality? Journal of Personality Disorders, 29, 431-448. PDF

Carlson, E. N. (2013). Honestly arrogant or simply misunderstood? Narcissists’ awareness of their narcissism. Self and Identity, 12, 259-277. PDF

Carlson, E. N., Vazire, S., & Oltmanns, T. F. (2011). You probably think this paper's about you: Narcissists' perceptions of their personality and reputation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 101, 185-201. PDF

Carlson, E. N., Naumann, L. P., & Vazire, S. (2011). Getting to know a narcissist inside and out: Self and other perspectives on narcissism. In W. K. Campbell & J. D. Miller (Eds.) Handbook of narcissism and narcissistic personality disorder: Theoretical appraoches, empicial findings, and treatments. Hobeken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.


Response Surface Analysis

Example Publications:

Barranti, M., Carlson, E. N., & Cote, S. (In press). How to test questions about similarity in personality and social psychology research: Description and empirical demonstration of response surface analysis. Social Psychological and Personality SciencePDF Supplemental Materials